Þú ert hér: Home Archsite History
  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Leit

Skriðuklaustur

Icelandic(IS)Deutsch (DE-CH-AT)French (Fr)English (United Kingdom)

History



Icelandic Monasteries

Print

klisland

Icelandic medieval monasteries served as a refuge for men and women who wanted to dedicate their lives to God. In addition to holding a number of religious services throughout the day the monasteries served a practical purpose in society. They played an active role in the local community through the provision of education, aiding the poor and nursing the old and infirm. Monasteries were the cultural focal points of the Middle Ages along with bishopries. Book-making and writing took place there.

Two monastic orders

In the Middle Ages there were two main monastic orders in Iceland, the order of Benedict and Augustine. The first monastery in Iceland was founded in Þingeyrar in Northwest Iceland in 1133. It was Benedictine. The first Augustine monastery was founded in Flatey in Breiðarfjördur in west Iceland in 1172 but was moved to Helgafell twelve years later. There are nine known monasteries in Iceland though some sources suggest there might have been more. Skriðuklaustur was the last medieval monastery founded in Iceland in 1493.

The Augustine monasteries role in society

kanoki

There was a marked difference between the two monastic orders in Iceland. In the Benedictine monasteries the monks and nuns devoted their lives almost exclusively to praying and praising God. In the Augustine monasteries the monks were educated priests called canons and the clerics in charge called priors. The Augustine religious regime was not as strict as in the Benedictine monasteries. Instead, they had an obligation to serve society. Among other things, they had to welcome pilgrims and look after the sick, as well as run schools.

Heilagur Ágústínus

augustineHeilagur Ágústínus fæddist í Tagaste, þar sem nú er Alsír, þann 13. nóvember árið 354. Árið 387 var hann skírður í Mílanó af Ambrósíusi biskupi eftir merkilega trúarreynslu.  Hann sat í garði í þungum þönkum og sorgmæddur yfir slæmsku heimsins, þegar hann heyrði börn að leik kalla út um glugga „Tolle lege, tolle lege“ sem þýðir „taktu og lestu“.  Ágústínus greip biblíuna og fann: „Framgöngum sómasamlega eins og á degi, ekki í ofáti né ofdrykkju, ekki í ólifnaði né saurlífi, ekki í þrætu né öfund, heldur íklæðist Drottni Jesú Kristi, og alið ekki önn fyrir holdinu, svo að það verði til að æsa girndir.” (Rómverjabréfið 13;13) Árið 389 sneri hann aftur til Tagaste og stofnaði til klausturlífs með vinum sínum.  Rit Ágústínusar eru iðulega persónuleg og lýsa hans eigin upplifun af Drottni og jafnvel verður Drottinn eins og príór í klaustri, fremstur meðal jafningja og ávallt til reiðu til þess að hjálpa þeim sem eru með honum í veröldinni. Ágústínus lést árið 430 í Hippó í Norður-Afríku þar sem hann var biskup.

 

Economy
 
  • «
  •  Start 
  •  Prev 
  •  1 
  •  2 
  •  3 
  •  4 
  •  5 
  •  6 
  •  7 
  •  Next 
  •  End 
  • »
Page 1 of 7

Info

  • Open

  • Location

  • Fee

June - August: Open daily 10am - 6pm

May & September: Open daily 11am - 5pm

April: Open daily 12pm - 4pm

1.-11. October: Open daily 12pm - 4pm

November - March: Open occasionally. Ask for information.

Skriðuklaustur is in Fljótsdalur valley at the upper end of Lagarfljót lake - right by the highland road to Snæfell and Kárahnjúkar. Map

39 km from Egilsstaðir

11 km from Hallormsstaður forest

5 km from Hengifoss waterfall

A Visitor's centre for Vatnajökull National Park is also at Skriðuklaustur.

 
Adults (museum & guidance) 1100 kr
Children under 16 accompanied by adults 0 kr
Students 750 kr
Senior citizens / disabled 550 kr
Groups (20+) 900 kr
Guided tour of the archsite for groups (10>)
Adults 600 kr
Children under 16 accompanied by adults 0 kr

Quotes

...even their memory
only peeps out intermittently,
like stars between the breaks
in a cloud-covered sky.


Ships in the sky 1923

Upcoming events

Engir viðburðir á næstunni